Carbon is the very basic element of organic molecules and life.

Graphite in a pencil and diamond on an engagement ring are two forms of carbon.


At the nanoscale, carbon atoms can form structures like fullerene, nanotube, and graphene. 

Materials made of synthetic polymers such as plastics and rubbers are ubiquitous in our everyday life. 

Humans’ over consumption of fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum rapidly increases the carbon dioxide level in the atmosphere, leading to global warming.