Chemists and Their Instruments


In this section, we will look at the history of chemistry from 1660 to 1860 through explaining the chemical instruments used by 12 famous chemists: Robert Boyle (1627-1691), John Mayow (1641-1679), Stephen Hales (1677-1761), Henry Cavendish (1731-1810), Carl Wihelm Scheele (1742-1786), Joseph Priestley (1733-1804), Antoine Lavoisier (1743-1794), Alessandro Volta (1745-1827), Humphry Davy (1778-1829), Michael Faraday (1791-1867), Justus von Liebig (1803-1873), Gustav Kirchhoff (1824-1887). In these 200 years, chemistry transformed from practical art and mysterious alchemy to a physical science with great precision.

This section is now available in a Chinese book titled Beautiful Chemical Reactions, published by Tsinghua University Press in January 2016. We will add more content to this page when English translation is complete. Below is a few sample pages from the book.