Beautiful Chemical Instruments


Boyle's Vacuum Pump (1660)

Reproduced based on Robert Boyle's book, New Experiments Physico-Mechanical, Touching the Spring of the Air, and Its Effects (1660).


Mayow's Apparatus for Studying Combustion (1674)

Reproduced based on John Mayow's book, Tractatus Quinque Medico-Physici (1674).


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Mayow's Apparatus for Studying Animal Respiration (1674)

Reproduced based on John Mayow's book, Tractatus Quinque Medico-Physici (1674).


Hales' Apparatuses for Studying Fermentation (1727)

Reproduced based on Stephen Hales' book, Vegetable Staticks (1727).


Priestley's Apparatuses for Various Air Experiments (1774)

Reproduced based on Joseph Priestley's book, Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air (1774).

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Priestley's Apparatuses for Air Experiments Involving Electric Sparks (1774)

Reproduced based on Joseph Priestley's book, Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air (1774).


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Scheele's Apparatus for Preparing Oxygen (1777)

Reproduced based on Carl W. Scheele's book, Chemische Abhandlung von der Luft und dem Feuer (1777).


Cavendish's Eudiometer for Determining the Composition of Water (1784)

Reproduced based on Henry Cavendish's paper, Experiments on Air (1784) and photos of this apparatus on Science Museum's website.


Lavoisier's Apparatus for Studying Mercury Oxidation in Closed Environment  (1789)

Reproduced based on Antonine Lavoisier's book, Traité Élémentaire de Chimie (1789).

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Lavoisier's Apparatus for Studying Red Phosphorus Combustion in Closed Environment (1789)

Reproduced based on Antonine Lavoisier's book, Traité Élémentaire de Chimie (1789).


Lavoisier's Apparatus for Studying Fermentation (1789)

Reproduced based on Antonine Lavoisier's book, Traité Élémentaire de Chimie (1789).

Voltaic Pile (1800)

Reproduced based on Alessandro Volta's research paper, On Electricity Excited by the Mere Contact of Conducting Substances of Different Kinds (1800) and photos of voltaic piles on the internet.


Davy's Safety Lamps (1816)

Reproduced based on Humphry Davy's research paper, On the Fire-Damp of Coal Mines, and on Methods of Lighting the Mines so as to Prevent Its Explosion (1816) and his book, On the Safety Lamp for Coal Miners, with Some Researches on Flame (1818).


Liebig's Apparatus for Organic Elemental Analysis (1837)

Reproduced based on Justus von Liebig's book, Anleitung zur Analyse Organischer Körper (1837) and photos of this apparatus on Liebig Museum website.


Kirchhoff's Spectroscope (1860)

Reproduced based on Gustav Kirchhoff's research paper, Chemical Analysis by Spectrum-Observations (1860).